Cholesterol
 





 




best

 

 

A variety of things can affect cholesterol levels. These are things you can do something about:

■ Diet. Saturated fat and cholesterol in the food you eat make your blood cholesterol level go up. Saturated fat is the main culprit, but cholesterol in foods also matters. Reducing the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol in your diet helps lower your blood cholesterol level.

■ Weight. Being overweight is a risk factor for heart disease. It also tends to increase your cholesterol. Losing weight can help lower your LDL and total cholesterol levels, as well as raise your HDL and lower your triglyceride levels.

■ Physical Activity. Not being physically active is a risk factor for heart disease. Regular physical activity can help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise HDL (good) cholesterol levels. It also helps you lose weight. You should try to be physically active for 30 minutes on most, if not all, days.

Things you cannot do anything about also can affect cholesterol levels.
These include:
Age and Gender. As women and men get older, their cholesterol levels rise. Before the age of menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age. After the age of menopause, women’s LDL levels tend to rise.
Heredity. Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol can run in families.


What Is Your Risk of Developing Heart Disease or Having a Heart Attack?

In general, the higher your LDL level and the more risk factors you have (other than LDL), the greater your chances of developing heart disease or having a heart attack. Some people are at high risk for a heart attack because they already have heart disease. Other people are at high risk for developing heart disease because they have diabetes (which is a strong risk factor) or a combination of risk factors for heart disease. Follow these steps to find out your risk for developing heart disease.

Step. 1.
Check the table below to see how many of the listed risk factors you have; these are the risk factors that affect your LDL goal.
Major Risk Factors That Affect Your LDL Goal
❍ Cigarette smoking
❍ High blood pressure (140/90 mmHg or higher or on blood pressure medication)
❍ Low HDL cholesterol (less than 40 mg/dL)*
❍ Family history of early heart disease (heart disease in father or brother before age 55; heart disease in mother or sister before age 65)
❍ Age (men 45 years or older; women 55 years or older)

*If your HDL cholesterol is 60 mg/dL or higher, subtract 1 from your total count.

Even though obesity and physical inactivity are not counted in this list, they are conditions that need to be corrected.

Step. 2.
How many major risk factors do you have? If you have 2 or more risk factors in the table above, use the risk scoring tables on the back page (which include your cholesterol levels) to find your risk score. Risk score refers to the chance of having a heart attack in the next 10 years, given as a percentage. (Use the Framingham Point Scores on the back page.)

Step. 3.

Use your medical history, number of risk factors, and risk score to find your risk of developing heart disease or having a heart attack in the table below.

cholesterol table

Source :
National Cholesterol Education Program
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

What is Cholesterol ?
High Blood Cholesterol
What Affects Cholesterol Levels?
Treating High Cholesterol
Lowering Cholesterol With Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC)
What are High Blood Cholesterol and Triglycerides?
Top Ten Tips for Cholesterol Testing
Managing Cholesterol with Exercise
Cholesterol Essential for Good Health
LDL Cholesterol - Low Density Lipoprotein